S.F.’s Largest Landlord Offloads $1B Mortgage Portfolio

The cityscape of San Francisco has seen a significant transformation over the years, and an imminent deal indicates another pivotal shift. One of the city’s biggest residential landlords, Veritas Investments, is facing a major real estate shakeup.

S.F.'s Largest Landlord Offloads $1B Mortgage Portfolio

The cityscape of San Francisco has seen a significant transformation over the years, and an imminent deal indicates another pivotal shift. One of the city's biggest residential landlords, Veritas Investments, is facing a major real estate shakeup.

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Good morning. Today's edition zeroes in on the pivotal shifts in the real estate financing landscape. As the sector grapples with the challenges posed by escalating rates in the post-pandemic era, we'll highlight key developments — from Ballast Investments' bid to takeover Veritas Investments' troubled loan portfolio in San Francisco to the looming questions surrounding Signature Bank's loan book sale and the marked increase in CLO adjustments.

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Market Snapshot

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*Data as of 8/31/2023 market close.


Ballast Acquires Veritas' $940M Mortgage Portfolio with 2,150 Units in San Francisco

A property owned by Veritas Investments in San Francisco’s Marina District

A property owned by Veritas Investments in San Francisco’s Marina District

A significant shift in San Francisco's real estate landscape is underway as Ballast Investments prepares to purchase a $940M mortgage portfolio from Veritas Investments, the city's top residential landlord.

Ballast breakthrough: Ballast Investments, a San Francisco-based real estate firm, is set to purchase the nearly billion portfolio of delinquent loans connected to 2,149 apartments overseen by Veritas Investments. The transaction was facilitated by New York's Eastdil Secured, who auctioned the debt. The exact price of the mortgages remains undisclosed.

What we know: If finalized, Veritas will forfeit 25% of its rental holdings. Their current holdings comprise more than 8,000 apartments, a significant increase from the 6,500 units they had last year. This pending sale, however, doesn’t encompass the entirety of Veritas' distressed portfolio.

Inside the auction: Back in May, Eastdil Secured attempted to offload Veritas' unpaid mortgage loans, split into two portfolios comprising 95 apartment buildings in San Francisco. Based on the information available, Ballast successfully bid for the larger portfolio consisting of 75 properties, while the other, holding a $140M debt linked to 20 San Francisco apartment properties, was excluded from Ballast's bid.

Veritas' mortgage struggles: Veritas Investments, San Francisco's largest residential landlord, encountered mortgage difficulties earlier this year, impacted by the pandemic's diminishing housing demand. This financial strain is reminiscent of its initial growth phase following the Great Recession when it expanded by purchasing 2,000 units from CitiApartments in 2011, a company burdened by debt. While Veritas has faced challenges in managing its mortgages, it remains optimistic about the city's real estate prospects.

Ballast buying spree: While the pandemic has heavily impacted San Francisco's economy, the demand for apartment buildings in the city persists. Veritas and Ballast have both been making significant deals in recent times. For example, Ballast, owner of Brick + Timber, partnered with the Carlyle Group on multiple acquisitions, including a $15.6M 38-unit property on Green St. and a $8.8M 12-unit property on Scott St. in 2022.


Evolving rental market: The San Francisco metro area experienced a 4.3% decline in median rent over the past year, among the steepest drops nationwide. This contrasts with a 1.2% decline on a national level. The changing rental landscape and Veritas' prior tenant-related controversies contribute to the evolving dynamics of San Fran real estate. Nevertheless, Ballast appears ready to capitalize on these complexities.


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Unpacking Signature Bank's $35B Loan Sale

Six anxious months later, Signature loan sale at hand

Newmark’s Doug Harmon and Adam Spies are expected to start marketing Signature Bank's loan book (Getty, Newmark; Illustration by The Real Deal)

Six months after Signature Bank's collapse, its $35B CRE loan book, including a significant portion of rent-stabilized loans, is set to finally kick off in September.

Valuation challenges: Newmark is gearing up to market these loans in September, according to updates from Trepp. This sale will provide a unique view into the value of rent-stabilized buildings, an asset class currently facing uncertainty. With Signature’s multifamily loan book having $11B of rent-stabilized loans, there's immense curiosity on its valuation, especially as brokers indicate that such properties have seen value drops between 20% to 45%.

Rent-stabilized roadblocks: A 2019 state law that curbed rent hikes for rent-stabilized units, coupled with rising interest rates and increased expenses for landlords, has brought this asset class under pressure. Despite the obvious challenges, real insights into the law’s effects on building valuations are hard to find. Public banks’ balance sheets don’t provide a complete understanding, given their hesitancy to recognize bad loans, especially in the wake of bank failures.

FDIC's playbook: The FDIC is likely to adopt strategies from the Great Recession, collaborating with third-party investors to acquire loans from Signature Bank. This approach would involve the FDIC retaining an equity stake and providing interest-free financing while private investors contribute capital to stabilize the situation.


Landlords on edge: Rent-stabilized landlords are bracing for the potential upheaval caused by the sale, as the fate of their loans and expected valuation adjustments remain uncertain. The lack of transparency surrounding the sale has generated anxiety among these landlords, especially those with impending loan maturity dates. Many loan holders feel left in the dark.


▶️ Watch: Billionaire investor Jeff Greene predicts that we are in the initial stages of a CRE correction and discusses various real estate and market-related topics on CNBC’s Squawk Box.

🎧 Listen: In this episode of WSJ’s The Journal, China's largest property developer, Country Garden, is facing collapse as it reports a $6.7B loss in 1H23, highlighting the instability of the country's real estate market.


$4B Surge in Loan Modifications During Q2

Collateralized loan obligation modifications quadruple in second quarter


Collateralized loan obligation (CLO) modifications surged in Q2, with borrowers adjusting more than $4B worth of CLOs, a 4x increase from Q1.

Lending lifelines: Loan modifications and extensions provide borrowers a means to navigate the challenges of rising interest rates, helping them evade potential distress and defaults in a more challenging refinancing environment. The rise in loan modifications doesn't necessarily indicate increased financial distress, as the assets involved aren't explicitly troubled.

Selective lending: With a 79% drop in originations for CLOs and CMBS transactions since last year, lenders are adopting a more cautious approach, emphasizing quality over quantity in their deal selections. In the last quarter, the proportion of modified loans in CLOs grew from 6.5–11.8%, primarily affecting multifamily loans, which could become riskier as rents soften in markets like Austin and Phoenix.


Financing dynamics: A lack of diverse financing has the potential to sustain the trend of CLO modifications until the Fed concludes interest rate hikes. This underscores the importance of borrowing flexibility in managing loan portfolios. Modifications of CLOs saw a quicker increase each quarter compared to the growth in delinquency rates. Meanwhile, the proportion of loans monitored by Morningstar undergoing special servicing fell from 0.74% in Q1 to 0.66% in Q2.


  • Convention comeback: The owner of McCormick Place, North America's largest convention center, breaks tax collection records, marking a robust recovery for hospitality.

  • Trump's trials: The NY attorney general is seeking a summary judgment, claiming that Donald Trump fraudulently inflated his asset values by as much as $2.2B for a decade.

  • Leaning tower: A judge is urging Fortis Property Group and Valley Bank to re-enter mediation to resolve foreclosure and litigation issues surrounding the unfinished Seaport Residences tower. Failure to do so will further devalue the condo project.

  • Transfer tax tales: LA approved a $150M spending plan, funded by the Measure ULA transfer tax, to support affordable housing development, emergency rental assistance, and eviction defense despite generating only 37% of its projected revenue.

  • Small but mighty: Despite retail's strong performance and low vacancies due to limited development, large deals remain scarce due to economic uncertainty, prompting a focus on smaller transactions in the sector.

  • Renter's delight: As national rent growth stalls, some regions are becoming more favorable for renters, with slight discounts in Boise and Sacramento, while Charleston and Knoxville are seeing high rent premiums.

  • Industrial odyssey: Westcore Properties has acquired a 3.5MSF industrial portfolio, dubbed the Odyssey Portfolio, across Livermore, Valencia, and Chino, CA, bolstering its US assets to over 25MSF.

  • Market mismatch: Buyers and sellers continue to grapple with differing perceptions of CRE values, as sellers motivated by timing seek a market-clearing price, while those anticipating growth hold back, leading to a slowdown in transactions.


Multifamily Rent Growth By Region And Between Time Periods

US multifamily rent growth by region

Source: CBRE

Multifamily rent growth is slowing down, especially in Midwest and Northeast markets, due to limited new supply and outmigration trends. Meanwhile, rents are going down in tech hubs like Northern CA and the Pacific Northwest, alongside challenges in the Sun Belt due to oversupply and weak job growth.

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